The drawing by Dr Alberto Lhuiller and the stonemason's message on the grave lid
The excellent drawing by Dr. Alberto Lhuiller is the basis of all things. It was he who brought the truth to light. With his drawing he created a worldwide "Ah" and "Oh". We must also thank Erich von Däniken, because he published this drawing in his first book and thus finally made it accessible to everyone.
By the way, there is nothing to interpret here. It is a flying machine that the dumbest person on earth can see. You have to "interpret" yourself into something else if you don't want to see an aircraft.
"Out of sight, out of mind". That's how one would like it to be. "Off the table". So let's leave the interpretation to those who don't want to see a flying machine at all and who resist the idea that their rusty view of the world could change.
In spite of everything, Dr. Lhuiller has not quite managed to reproduce a very accurate picture of the tomb slab and I have to make a small objection.
A nose guard is clearly visible on the tomb slab. Dr. Lhuiller probably assumed that the stonemason had not done something right and so depicted the whole nose in his drawing. But on the gravestone this nose is invisible under the oxygen supply of the nose guard.
Drawing of the nose
The foot-controls of this primitive "space rubber boat"
Thanks to Dr. Lhuiller's neat drawing and colour matching, one can explain very much better.
In this picture, you can see how the spaceman "steers" the thrust gases with his bare feet. Naked madness, in other words. This spaceman steers a space capsule like a racing driver, without any electronic or electrotechnical aids. But the earphones on various records already indicate that simple electronics were already in use at that time.
To explain this better, you need to study the vertical stabiliser of an aircraft. This thrust redirection has the same effect. However, what I have called "loose mount" could be stop bars for the other thrust direction.
Ergonomic foot support
The ergonomic foot support is nice to see. It also has an adjustment strap or adjustment screw.
The clothing of the spaceman
In the picture by Dr. Lhuiller, the spaceman appears half-naked. In reality - on the tombstone - he is quite well protected from the cold with a STRETCH suit. However, hands and feet are naked to be more sensitive to the controls. Which supports my theory of "primitive technology".
General overview of the Palenque flying machine
The simple seat should be a severe handicap in this case, but it is not impossible.
Please note that our chemical manned "rockets" have acceleration values of about 60 m/s2. This small capsule should probably accelerate at a maximum of 15-20 m/s2. That would make this seemingly impossible sitting position realistic after all.
And now we colored the entire drawings.
Even here, as the basis, the famous drawing of Dr. A. Lhuiller.
Grab handle with rotary switch (left hand)
Well, if you steer with your feet and sit on a simple seat, you really have to hold on somewhere. Presumably the rotary switch in the left hand grip is for thrust regulation.
There is nothing between the index finger and the thumb of the right hand. Rather, he uses the palm of his hand to push a slide switch forward. I used to think that he was turning a knob between his fingers. But nothing can be seen on the effective stone slab.
Regulation and adjustment of the seat
Most likely at the bottom left of the seat itself. Similar to a road vehicle!
Foot steering (with both, bare feet)!
You have to be godforsaken to steer like that. But here it is INDEFINITE and without any ambiguity. Long lever arm for the feet, short lever arm for the thrust deviator.
However, the ergonomic foot support for the left foot is nice. It even has an adjustment screw at the top.
The mobile bracket of this structure
Well, if you look at these long lever arms, they have to be supported somewhere in the middle. Otherwise the whole frame will rattle apart. But this support has to work on 2 levels, because the thrust also has to be controlled on 2 levels. Otherwise you only fly to the left or right.
Conclusion of this chapter
If you now look at the whole frame, you have the feeling that you are standing in front of a handicraft object from your own garage. Certainly nothing outstanding. The only thing that is outstanding is the engine. Truly unique. Perhaps it was assembled somewhere on earth with the remaining technical resources.
Note: If you see any fruits or trees of life in these drawings, only a doctor can help you.
The engine of Palenque
The engine on the stone slab of the sarcophagus of Palenque represents, in my opinion, a chemically driven engine. The stonemason's plan is very clear to me personally.
The tanks for liquid fuel
Explanation of terms
By deadweight I mean the necessary or unnecessary weight that you MUST carry to make the engine work. I do not understand the cargo.
As we can see from a picture from my garden, a gas tank is very heavily built and the liquid tank is of lighter construction.
I.e. if the gas weight is 12 kg, then the empty tank weight, because of its strong, heavy walls, is also about 12 kg (depending on the gas pressure, of course).
With a liquid tank and a weight of 10 kg liquid, we only need about 0.5 kg empty tank weight, because the liquid tank has thin, slightly flexible walls.
If we then include in the calculation that we need to carry 2 types of fuel and then mix them in the combustion chamber, this weight will double.
An old photo where nothing has been distorted or blurred.
Here you can clearly see the 2 "petrol canisters" that are supposed to serve as tanks.
The ingenuity of the Palenque engine is based on the principle of the lowest possible combustion chamber pressure and parallel thrust. Our engines today have an efficiency of about 30 %.
This engine, however, shows an efficiency of over 70 %!
If you compare pictures of the sarcophagus of Palenque with diagrams of a modern engine, then you realize that there is almost nothing in common.
The engine of Palenque IS NOT a engine type of "von Braun." Therefore we must forget actually space technology.
As you can see in this sketch, the thrust gases of the Palenque engine leave the thrust nozzles in parallel. This means that the vectorial thrust - in contrast to our vonbraun engines - is almost 100% in the right direction.
This inevitably means that we can get by with much less thrust and the joint weight of the propellants can be reduced even further.
This machine is also chemically powered, but it was designed under completely different conditions.
- low thrust
- long-lasting thrust
- low pressure in the combustion chamber
- as little temperature as possible in the combustion chamber
- very light, spartanly equipped spaceship
Of course, all in relation to our vonbraun engines of today.
Further, clear disadvantages of the vonbraun engine
- The high pressure in the combustion chamber is an obstacle to the fuel supply. This requires very powerful turbine pumps, which are not necessarily interesting as a deadweight.
- In addition, a gas-powered engine generates a lot of heat. This must be dissipated by a heavier cooling system. This cooling unit is another unnecessary deadweight, and we want to spare ourselves that, too.
- The strong pressure in the combustion chamber requires very strong and heavy walls of the combustion chamber to withstand the pressure. This weight must also be taken along.
You have to take all these unnecessary devices with you. But not with the Palenque engine.
The "jerry cans" which should serve as reservoirs
Here you can see clearly the 2 "jerry cans" which should serve as reservoirs for liquids for combustion. The genius of this engine is based on the principle that the gas propulsion goes out parallel. Our thrusters today have a degree of effectiveness of approx. 30 %, but this engine shows a degree of effectiveness by over 70%!
Details of the engine of Palenque
First, a basic scheme on my part:
The schematics above show the effective engine of Palenque. The lower diagram, on the other hand, as I see it more closely:
- The liquid fuel flows from tank A, through L1, directly into piston pump A.
- The liquid is pressurised in the piston pump. 60 -120 bar should be sufficient.
- Then the fuel flows (under pressure) through L2 into the evaporator chambers. These are located on the main plate of the combustion chamber and evaporate due to the heat of the engine.
- At the same time, the evaporation cools the main plate!
- During evaporation, a vapour pressure of about 8 - 10 kg/cm2 should develop in the evaporation chamber. This is too little to "backfire" and is enough to reach the combustion chamber.
- In the combustion chamber itself there should be a permanent pressure of about 4 - 6 kg/cm2 "upwards". This is difficult to achieve, as everything is open at the bottom.
- Since the parallel outlet nozzle wedges prevent the downward pressure from escaping to all sides, it should be possible to achieve a sufficiently strong pressure on the upper pan.
And now we calculate:
40 cm should be the opening at the bottom of the engine and thus, seen from above, it is a circle of 40 cm that creates the pressure on the plate. This results in approx. 1250 cm2. If you push on it steadily with 4 kg/cm2 , this results in a total pressure of 5000 kg! (Of course, with an unrealistic efficiency of 100%).
Full formula: 20cm x 20cm x Pi x 4kg/cm2 = 5,000 kg
But even 3000 kg of thrust would be enough to launch this little spaceship into space!
Instead of spaceship, one should perhaps speak of space rubber boat.
The end and conclusions
When the Palenque tomb slab was created, the flying object had probably not existed for some time. Perhaps for centuries. Since printed photos fade very quickly, these photos were probably also no longer available at that time. Rather, I suspect that technical drawings on durable paper were still in circulation. Unfortunately, the Catholic clergy at that time burnt pretty much everything they could get their hands on. So the last evidence was eliminated.
A nice ciao to all.